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#1 2006-11-21 13:09:23

Joel
Member
Registered: 2006-11-09
Posts: 5

volume of a cone

Can anyone help me, how to derive the formula of the volume of the cone 1/3*pi*r^2*h ?

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#2 2007-06-27 19:53:49

Bapa Rao
Guest

Re: volume of a cone

Using Calculus, by integration, u need to arrive the volume of the cone

#3 2007-06-27 20:02:59

luca-deltodesco
Member
Registered: 2006-05-05
Posts: 1,470

Re: volume of a cone

ok, this is how i'd do it:

line, passing through origin with gradient r/h. rotate graph around the x'axis:


The Beginning Of All Things To End.
The End Of All Things To Come.

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#4 2011-10-15 03:41:26

abegale
Guest

Re: volume of a cone

that dosnt make any sense
swear

#5 2011-10-15 03:46:39

bobbym
Administrator
From: Bumpkinland
Registered: 2009-04-12
Posts: 84,657

Re: volume of a cone

Hi abegale;

Welcome to the forum. What do you not understand?


In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
I have the result, but I do not yet know how to get it.
All physicists, and a good many quite respectable mathematicians are contemptuous about proof.

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#6 2011-10-15 10:17:55

bob bundy
Moderator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 6,311

Re: volume of a cone

hi

luca-deltodesco has a good proof there.  abegale:  He has used integral calculus.  Maybe you haven't learnt about that yet.

Welcome to the forum.  smile

That formula is just a special case of the formula for any right* pyramid.

Here I am defining a pyramid as any solid where there is a certain shape for the base and then the cross-section as you travel up the axis is a similar shape but reducing at a steady rate until a single point vertex is reached.  The shape can be anything; a polygon, a circle, an ellipse or a completely irregular shape.  See my picture below.

Suppose the area of the base is S and the height H.

Let s be the area at any point a distance h from the vertex.  So S and H are constants determined by the pyramid and s and h are variables.

The ratio of the areas of the small to the large S-shape will be the ratio of the heights squared.

so

So think of a section of the pyramid made by an area s with a thickness of delta h.

Use integration to add up all such volumes thus:

So for any right* pyramid the volume is one third the height times the base area.

*Right here means that the axis is at right angles to the base.  It is relatively easy to adapt this proof for non right pyramids.

Bob

View Image: pyramid.GIF

Last edited by bob bundy (2011-10-15 10:18:22)


You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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#7 2011-10-15 17:28:51

reconsideryouranswer
Member
Registered: 2011-05-11
Posts: 172

Re: volume of a cone

Joel wrote:

Can anyone help me, how to derive the formula of the volume of the cone 1/3*pi*r^2*h ?


The volume of a right circular cone with radius r and height h, equals the
area of the right triangle (let the base = r and the height = h), which is
being revolved along the line containing the line segment h, multiplied by the
circumference using the r/3 part of the centroid* as the radius of revolution.

The centroid of a triangle is where all of its medians intersect.
The centroid is the geometric center of the triangle.**

Then the formula for the volume is

the area of the triangle, multiplied by the circumference at the
geometric center (centroid), and using r/3 as the radius of revolution. 
This is:





- -  . . - - . . - - . . - -  . . - - . . - - . . - - . . - -




* Suppose a right triangle is situated on the xy-plane with the
radius extending from (0, 0) to (r, 0) and the height extending
from (0, 0) to (0, h).


The x-coordinate of this centroid is r/3.  (This can be worked out using
coordinate geometry.)


** Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centroid


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#8 2013-05-19 05:31:21

moebhy
Guest

Re: volume of a cone

anyone explain to me where does the 1/3 of the formula of the volume of the cone and pyramid come from?need the answer ryt away. like what if without the idea first of having 1/3bh for their volume..how will we know it. or lets just say how to prove volume of the cone v=1/3bh .please in an understnding and clear way and as much as possible not just calculus..simple way ..thankss so much

#9 2013-05-19 07:09:11

bob bundy
Moderator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 6,311

Re: volume of a cone

hi moebhy

Welcome to the forum.

The only way I've ever seen this formula derived is with calculus so you have asked something that may be possible.

Do you know the formula for a cylinder?

Now if you had a cone with the same base radius and height, the volume would be less, wouldn't it.

seems reasonable, doesn't I?

I can take you step by step through the calculus if you wish.  That way you'll learn some calculus too.  smile

Bob


You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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#10 2013-06-14 18:28:39

anon
Guest

Re: volume of a cone

Why do I get the wrong answer when using the shell method?

integral from 0 to h of 2pi(h/r)x^2 dx = (2pi*h*r^2)/(3). It comes out double.

#11 2013-06-14 20:01:26

bob bundy
Moderator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 6,311

Re: volume of a cone

hi anon,

Welcome to the forum. 

Why do I get the wrong answer

If you rotate an isosceles triangle by 2pi you are generating the volume twice over as each half-triangle will make the whole solid.

Split the cross section in half so you have just a right angled triangle, and rotate that.

Bob


You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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