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#1 Re: Dark Discussions at Cafe Infinity » crème de la crème » Today 00:07:04

283) Aaron Klug

Aaron Klug, (born August 11, 1926, Zelvas, Lithuania), British chemist who was awarded the 1982 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his investigations of the three-dimensional structure of viruses and other particles that are combinations of nucleic acids and proteins, and for the development of crystallographic electron microscopy.

Klug was taken by his parents from Lithuania to South Africa when he was three years old. He entered the University of the Witwatersrand at Johannesburg intending to study medicine, but he graduated with a science degree. He then began a doctoral program in crystallography at the University of Cape Town but left with a master’s degree upon receiving a fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he completed his doctorate in 1953.

He then accepted a research fellowship at Birkbeck College of the University of London, undertaking the study of the structure of tobacco mosaic virus and other viruses. Klug’s discoveries were made in conjunction with his own development of the techniques of crystallographic electron microscopy, whereby series of electron micrographs, taken of two-dimensional crystals from different angles, can be combined to produce three-dimensional images of particles. His method has been widely used to study proteins and viruses. In 1958 Klug became director of the Virus Structure Research Group at Birkbeck. In 1962 (at the invitation of Francis Crick, who shared a Nobel Prize that year) Klug returned to Cambridge as a staff member of the Medical Research Council; in 1978 he was named joint head of its division of structural studies. He was knighted in 1988.

klug.jpg

#2 Re: Jokes » Q & A » Yesterday 14:42:26

Q: How can you tell if a planet is married?
A: It has a ring around it.
* * *
Q: How do they put out fires at the post office?
A: They stamp them out.
* * *
Q: How do you revive a drowning rodent?
A: Give it mouse-to-mouse resuscitation.
* * *
Q: What do you call a boomerang that doesn't work?
A: A stick.
* * *
Q: What do you call a cow who works for a gardener?
A: A lawn moo-er.
* * *
Q: What do you call a veterinarian with laryngitis?
A: A hoarse doctor.
* * *
Q: What do you call bedtime stories for boats?
A: Ferry tales.
* * *
Q: What do you call it when worms take over the world?
A: Global Worming.
* * *
Q: What do you get when you cross a squirrel with a kangaroo?
A: An animal that keeps its nuts in its pockets.
* * *
Q: What do you get when you cross an elephant and a skin doctor?
A: A pachydermatologist.
* * *
Q: What is a cannibal's favorite type of TV show?
A: A celebrity roast.
* * *
Q: What kind of bird can write?
A: A penguin.
* * *
Q: What kind of flowers grow in outer space?
A: Sunflowers.
* * *
Q: What would you get if you crossed a potato and a frog?
A: A potatoad.
* * *
Q: Where do otters come from?
A: Otter space.
* * *

#3 Re: Help Me ! » population grew » Yesterday 01:25:08

Hi,

Population in 2003 : 12.853
Population in 2004 : 13.290

Difference = 0.437

In percentage,

%.

#4 Re: Ganesh's Puzzles » Doc, Doc! » Yesterday 01:08:50

Hi,

#1140. Name form of vitamin

(also known as vitamin
and pyridoxol) found commonly in food and used as dietary supplement. As a supplement it is used to treat and prevent its deficiency, sideroblastic anaemia, certain metabolic disorders, problems from isoniazid, and certain types of mushroom poisoning. It is used by mouth or by injection. It is usually well tolerated. Occasionally side effects include headache, numbness, and sleepiness. Normal doses are safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is in the vitamin B family of vitamins. It is required by the body to make amino acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Sources in the diet include fruit, vegetables, and grain.

#5 Re: Jokes » One Liners » Yesterday 00:49:20

Remember, it's not what you do... it's what you get away with.
* * *
Lottery: A tax on people who are bad at math.
* * *
The difference between true love and dinosaurs: We're sure that dinosaurs once existed on this earth.
* * *
Now that I'm older, I realize that my imaginary friend was really nothing more than an imaginary acquaintance.
* * *
He always finds himself lost in thought; it's unfamiliar territory.
* * *
If someone is spitting behind you, it means you're in front.
* * *
A girl in a restaurant asked me "Are you single?". I happily replied "Yes". She took away the extra chair in front of me.
* * *
There's no "I" in "team" but there are 5 in "individual brilliance".
* * *
Why did the lady wear a helmet every time she ate? She was on a crash diet!
* * *
The only substitute for good manners is fast reflexes.
* * *
Stress is when you wake up screaming and you realize you haven't fallen asleep yet.
* * *
A memorandum is written not to inform the reader, but to protect the writer.
* * *

#6 Re: Jokes » Q & A » 2018-02-22 21:39:07

Q. Why can’t you run through a camp ground?
A. You can only ran, because it’s past tents.
* * *
Q: What kind of dogs like car racing?
A: Lap dogs.
* * *
Q: What do you call two fat people having a chat?
A: A heavy discussion.
* * *
Q: What kind of tea is hard to swallow?
A: Reality.
* * *
Q: Did you hear about the sensitive burglar?
A: He takes things personally.
* * *
Q: How do you find a Princess?
A: You follow the foot Prince.
* * *
Q: What did the grape do when it got stepped on?
A: It let out a little wine!
* * *
Q: How can you get four suits for a dollar?
A: Buy a deck of cards.
* * *
Q: How do dinosaurs pay their bills?
A: With Tyrannosaurus checks.
* * *
Q: What do you call a dinosaur that smashes everything in its path?
A: Tyrannosaurus wrecks.
* * *
Q: What do you get when you cross a stream and a brook?
A: Wet feet.
* * *
Q: What do you call a guy who's born in Columbus, grows up in Cleveland, and then dies in Cincinnati?
A: Dead.
* * *
Q: Why was Cinderella thrown off the basketball team?
A: She ran away from the ball.
* * *
Q: What has 6 eyes but can't see?
A: 3 blind mice.
* * *
Q: How does a pig go to hospital?
A: In a hambulance.
* * *
Q: What bone will a dog never eat?
A: A trombone.
* * *

#7 Re: This is Cool » Miscellany » 2018-02-22 14:36:11

73) Port of Antwerp

The Port of Antwerp in Flanders, Belgium, is a port in the heart of Europe accessible to capesize ships. It is Europe’s second-largest seaport, after Rotterdam. Antwerp stands at the upper end of the tidal estuary of the Scheldt. The estuary is navigable by ships of more than 100,000 Gross Tons as far as 80 km inland. Like Hamburg, the Port of Antwerp's inland location provides a more central location in Europe than the majority of North Sea ports. Antwerp's docks are connected to the hinterland by rail, road, and river and canal waterways. As a result, the port of Antwerp has become one of Europe's largest seaports, ranking second behind Rotterdam by total freight shipped. Its international rankings vary from 11th to 20th (AAPA).

In 2012, the Port of Antwerp handled 14,220 sea trade ships (190.8 million tons of cargo, 53.6% in containers), 57,044 inland barges (123.2 million tons of cargo),[4] and offered liner services to 800 different maritime destinations.

Recent history

Antwerp's potential was recognized by Napoleon Bonaparte and he ordered the construction of Antwerp's first lock and dock in 1811. Called the Bonaparte Dock, it was joined by a second dock - called the Willem Dock after the Dutch King - in 1813. When the Belgian revolution broke out in 1830, there was a well-founded fear that the Dutch would blockade the Scheldt again but, in the event, they contented themselves with levying a stiff toll. Fortunately, the young Belgium had friends in Britain and particularly in the person of Lord Palmerston, who believed the existence of Belgium would be beneficial to Britain, and that, in consequence, it was important to make sure that the newly born state was economically viable. With his support, the Belgian government was able to redeem the Dutch Toll in 1863. By that time, the Kattendijk Dock had been completed in 1860 and the all important Iron Rhine Railway to the Ruhr had been finished in 1879. Antwerp then experienced a second golden age and by 1908 eight docks had been constructed. The opening of the Royers Lock, commenced in 1905, meant that ships drawing up to 31 feet (9.4 m) of water were able to enter the existing docks and access the new Lefèbvre and America docks.

Such was the situation at the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. The British, and Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, in particular were well aware of the Port of Antwerp's strategic importance, so much so that Churchill arrived in Antwerp on 4 October 1914 to take charge of the defence of the city and its port.

In 1944 during the Second World War Allied forces liberated Antwerp on 4 September. The port and facilities were relatively undamaged and no major reconstruction work was required. However the port could not be used until 28 November, after the estuary approaches were cleared by the Battle of the Scheldt. Walcheren was the key that allowed use of the port, located further upstream on the right bank of the southern estuary of the river. Walcheren was attacked by Canadian and British forces and on 8 November all German resistance on the island had been overrun. An agreement assigned a large portion of the northern section of the port to the Americans and the southern section and the city of Antwerp to the British forces. The first US cargo vessel James B. Weaver arrived on 28 November 1944 with men of the 268th Port Company and their equipment on board. By mid-December the port was operating in high gear and, on average, some 9,000 civilians were employed by the Americans. Despite enemy air attacks, rockets and buzz bombs, operations were never entirely halted, although they were interrupted. In the first half year of 1945, the average amount of cargo discharged was around 0.5 million tons per month. After the close of the hostilities in Europe, the port was used for shipments of ammunition, vehicles, tanks and personnel to the Pacific. After the capitulation of Japan, shipments were directed to the United States. As from November 1945 the activities declined and by October 1946 all US Army operations ceased.

When peace returned work started on the Grote Doorsteek, an ambitious plan which ultimately resulted in the extension of the docklands on the right bank of the Scheldt to the Dutch border. The construction of the Berendrecht Lock was the crowning element of this plan. It was the world's largest shipping lock when inaugurated in 1989. Since 1989, development has been concentrated on the creation of fast turnround tidal berths, both on the Right Bank (Europa Terminal and the North Sea Terminal) and on the Left Bank (Deurganck Dock).

Port lay-out

The Right Bank

With the opening of the Berendrecht Lock (1989), a crowning achievement in developing the right bank dock complex was obtained. With a length of 500 m between the lock gates and a width of 68 m, the Berendrecht lock is the largest lock in the world. This lock has a depth of 13.50 m, which makes the sill depth at mean high water equal to 17.75 m. Apart from the Lock, still further development of the right bank has been undertaken on the banks of the Scheldt outside the dock complex. Two large container terminals have been opened here. In 1990, the Europe terminal was operative, while secondly, the North Sea terminal became operative in 1997. The older areas of the port, such as the Bonaparte dock,[9] are being modernized as needs dictate to make them suitable for modern cargo handling operations. Among this modernisation, an upgrade of the Amerika dock, the Albert dock and the third harbour dock are being done to make them accessible to Panamax ships, which have a draught of 42 feet (13 m). Other modernisation projects being undertaken is the Delwaide dock, which will soon be able to serve the latest generation of container vessels. The Southern part of the Delwaide dock, the MSC Home Terminal is a partnership between PSA Hesse-Noord Natie and Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC). Due to a total quay length of more than 2 km, several ships can be handled at the same time. The MSC Home Terminal has an annual capacity of more than 3.6 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU).

The Left Bank

The first plans for the development of the Waaslandhaven on Antwerp’s left bank were prepared in the boom years of the 1960s. At that time, it was hoped that agreement could be reached with the Dutch on the construction of the Baalhoek Canal, which would have run from Kallo in Belgium through the Drowned Land of Saefthinge (on Dutch territory) into the Western Scheldt. This grand concept had the advantage that it would cut off the difficult bend known as the Bocht van Bath and facilitate access to deep draught ships.

Work started on the Kallo Lock in 1979, and by the end of the 1980s the basic outlines of the Waaslandhaven were by and large complete. The main constituents are the Waasland Canal, the Verrebroek Dock, and the Vrasene Dock. The abandonment of the Baalhoek Canal project meant that an additional dock, known as the Doel Dock, would never be fitted out for shipping.

The development of the sites in the new docklands got off to a slow start, but took off in the 1990s. Nowadays, the trades handled in the Vrasene Dock include forest products, fruit juice, cars, plastic granulates, scrap and bulk gas. The equipping of the Verrebroek Dock started in 1996 and saw the arrival of its first seagoing ship in 2000. When finalized, this dock will offer a total of 5 km of berths with a draught of 14.5 m.

The Deurganck Dock

Since the existing container terminals on the right bank of the Scheldt have reached their maximum capacity and the container freight volume keeps increasing (in 2007 it expanded by 8.2% to 8 million TEU), a new dock complex was constructed: the tidal Deurganck Dock, which is open to the river and which does not require vessels to pass through any lock. The first terminal in this dock was opened on July 6, 2005. The full capacity of the dock is estimated at more than 8 to 9 million TEU. The Deurganck dock has a wharf length of 5.5 km and consists of a total of 1,200,000 cubic metres of concrete. The Kieldrecht Lock, a new lock at the end of the Deurganckdock, giving access to the docks in the port area on the left bank opened in June 2016 and is the largest dock in the world. The lock is deeper than the Berendrecht Lock, the previous largest, in response to the trend towards ever-larger ships. The lock, which represents an investment of 340 million euros, is the second lock into the enclosed harbours and represents a failsafe feature; had the sole lock failed, any vessels inside would have been trapped, whereas it is highly improbable that both locks might simultaneously fail. On the landward side, facing the dock complex, the lock leads into the Waasland canal. From there the ships have easy access to all the other docks on the left bank: the Doel dock, the Verrebroek dock, the Vrasene dock and the North and South mooring docks.

Future

In October 2010, the port approved a long-term investment plan, worth 1.6 billion Euros over the next 15 years. The port would improve existing facilities, and acquire land from General Motors which is closing its Antwerp factory.

Unlike the Port of Rotterdam, which has been able to expand westwards along the river Maas to Europoort and extend into the North Sea with Maasvlakte, Antwerp has little scope for further westward expansion. The northern (right bank) docks already reach the Dutch border, and on the left bank Belgium has a nuclear power plant downstream of the Deurganck dock. The Netherlands has territory on the south bank of the Scheldt, so the Port of Antwerp does not control the outer estuary of the river as it reaches the sea.

Lillo Port Centre

On the east bank of the river Scheldt, but to the west of the main port area lies the old village of Lillo, where the Port of Antwerp has built a new visitor centre. Coach parties can arrive here, and (after a brief introduction and the donning of hard hats and hi-viz jackets) an official guide boards the coach and directs the party to visit places that would otherwise be prohibited under ISPS. (International Ship and Port Facility Security).

antwerp_deurganckdock.jpg

#8 Re: Jokes » Q & A » 2018-02-22 11:42:49

Q: What does a cat like to eat with birthday cake?
A: Mice cream!
* * *
Q: Did you hear about oxygen's second date with potassium?
A: It was OK2!
* * *
Q: What do you get if you cross a horse with a bee?
A: Neigh buzz!
* * *
Q: What does my dog do when he goes to bed?
A: He reads a bite-time story.
* * *
Q: What do dogs do when watching a DVD?
A: They press paws.
* * *
Q: Why can’t dogs drive?
A: They can’t find a barking space.
* * *
Q: Why did the burglar rob a bakery?
A: He needed the dough.
* * *
Q: What vitamin helps you to see?
A: Vitamin C.
* * *
Q: Why did the ice cream cone take karate lessons?
A: It was tired of getting licked.
* * *
Q: How do you make fire with two sticks?
A: Make sure one is a match.
* * *
Q: What do rabbits do when they get married?
A: They go on a bunnymoon.
* * *
Q: In what school do you learn how to greet people?
A: Hi school.
* * *

#9 Re: Ganesh's Puzzles » Oral puzzles » 2018-02-22 00:52:29

Hi,

.

#3930. 12 defective are accidentally mixed with 132 good ones. It is not possible to just look at the pen and tell whether or not it is defective. One pen is taken out at random from this lot. Determine the probability of the pen taken out is good one.

#10 Re: Ganesh's Puzzles » 10 second questions » 2018-02-22 00:37:14

Hi,

#6400. Determine whether the given values are solutions of the given equation or not.

#11 Re: Ganesh's Puzzles » Doc, Doc! » 2018-02-22 00:32:04

Hi,

#1139. Name the disease : Formerly called manic depression, it is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts to mania or hypomania (less extreme than mania), you may feel euphoric, full of energy or unusually irritable. These mood swings can affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior and the ability to think clearly.

#12 Re: Dark Discussions at Cafe Infinity » crème de la crème » 2018-02-22 00:18:13

282) Hergé

Hergé, pen name of Georgés Remi, (born May 22, 1907, Etterbeek, near Brussels, Belg.—died March 3, 1983, Brussels), Belgian cartoonist who created the comic strip hero Tintin, a teenage journalist. Over the next 50 years, Tintin’s adventures filled 23 albums and sold 70 million copies in some 30 languages. Throughout the years the young reporter remained recognizably the same, with his signature blond quiff and his plus fours.

Hergé, whose pen name derived from the pronunciation of his transposed initials, published his first comic strip—Totor, de la Patrouille des Hannetons (“Totor of the June Bug Patrol”), for Le Boy-Scout Belge (“The Belgian Boy Scout”)—at age 19. In 1929 he created Tintin for the children’s supplement (a weekly feature called Le Petit Ventième) of the daily newspaper Le Vingtième Siècle. Tintin’s first adventure was later published as the album Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, but it was not until 1958 that The Black Island became the first Tintin album in English translation. It was followed, with growing success, by other albums taking Tintin and his friends on adventures in many different countries (though Hergé himself traveled little, preferring to live quietly in Brussels). The stories, which appealed to children because of their gentle humour and eventful plots, were never violent; the villains might be menacing and the plots filled with action, but in almost every case heroes and villains emerged largely unscathed. The drawings, especially in the later albums, lovingly portray the details of Tintin’s world, though they clearly reflect the attitudes of the era.

A museum dedicated to the work of Hergé, designed by French architect Christian de Portzamparc, opened in Louvain-la-Neuve, Belg., in June 2009.

herge.jpg

#13 Re: Jokes » One Liners » 2018-02-21 14:52:00

The sun is going to go out in 4 billion years, and you sit there and act like everything is fine.
* * *
Remember: You can eat your way out of almost any problem.
* * *
The only thing worse than seeing something done wrong is seeing it done slowly.
* * *
I'm not being rude, you're just insignificant.
* * *
I don't care how funny you are, if I don't like you, I won't laugh.
* * *
Be safety conscious. 80% of people are caused by accidents.
* * *
People who live in stone houses shouldn't throw glasses.
* * *
Men of quality respect women's equality.
* * *
Thank goodness! Testimony from your parrot is not admissible in court.
* * *
I just want to live in a world where people come with on/off switches.
* * *
At every party there are two kinds of people: those who want to go home and those who don't. The trouble is, they are usually married to each other.
* * *
You know, it's not the length of the vector that counts... it's how you apply the force.
* * *
"I ran a half marathon" sounds so much better than "I quit halfway through a marathon".
* * *
The hardest part of any relationship is when it's not your turn to talk.
* * *
Why are there 5 syllables in the word "monosyllabic"?
* * *
Discretion is being able to raise your eyebrow instead of your voice.
* * *
I used to be indecisive. Now I'm not sure.
* * *
A bus is a vehicle that runs twice as fast when you are after it as when you are in it.
* * *

#14 Re: Jokes » Q & A » 2018-02-21 01:54:34

Q: Where do eggplants come from?
A: Chicken plants.
* * *
Q: Can a match box?
A: No, but a tin can.
* * *
Q: What do you call a girl who's just come back from the beach?
A: Sandy.
* * *
Q: What did Cinderella say when her photos did not show up?
A: "Someday my prints will come."
* * *
Q: How do you get a baby alien to sleep?
A: You rocket.
* * *
Q: What do you get when you drop a piano down a mine shaft?
A: "A miner be flat" (A minor B-flat).
* * *
Q: Why did the scarecrow get a promotion?
A: Cause he was outstanding in his field.
* * *
Q: What do you do with epileptic lettuce?
A: You make a seizure salad.
* * *
Q: What do you call a wandering caveman?
A: A meanderthal.
* * *
Q: What was Ludwig van Beethoven's favorite fruit?
A: Ba-na-na-na!
* * *
Q: What did the buffalo say to her child as he left for school?
A: "Bison!" (bye son).
* * *
Q: When are holes beautiful?
A: When they're gorges.
* * *

#15 Re: Jokes » Very short jokes! » 2018-02-21 01:35:21

Little Johnny is making faces at school. The teacher catches him at it and says, “You know when I was little and made faces, my dad told me a secret.
And that is that when you keep making faces, your face finally can’t go back and you end up really ugly.”
Little Johnny quiets and says, “Well, at least you were warned…”
* * *
What does an air conditioner have in common with a computer?
They both lose efficiency as soon as you open windows.
* * *
A man was walking down the street and saw a sign in a store window that said "Help Wanted," so the man ran in the store and yelled out, "What's wrong?!"
* * *
Q: What do you do with a sick boat?
A: Take it to the doc.
* * *
Jim, Scott and Alex are tired after traveling all day and check into a hotel. When they get to reception, they find out they'll have to walk 75 flights of stairs to get to their room because the elevator is out of order. Jim suggests that they do something interesting to pass time while they walk the 75 flights. Jim will tell jokes, Scott will sing songs, and Alex will tell sad stories. So Jim tells jokes for 25 flights, Scott sings songs for 25 flights and Alex tells sad stories for 24 flights. When they reach the 75th floor, Alex tells his saddest story of all, "Guys, I left our room key at reception."
* * *
Two lawyers walking through the woods spotted a vicious looking bear. The first lawyer immediately opened his briefcase, pulled out a pair of sneakers and started putting them on.The second lawyer looked at him and said, "You're crazy! You'll never be able to outrun that bear!" "I don't have to," the first lawyer replied. "I only have to outrun you."
* * *
Being an astronaut is funny. It's the only job where you get fired before you start work.
* * *
A disciple went to his master and said, "I have served you faithfully for ten years. Now I have a wish: give me something to eat which will never end." His master said, "Here, have some chewing gum."
* * *
A man is filling up his car tank with gasoline and accidentally gets some on his hand. He doesn't notice it, so when he gets into his car he lights a cigarette. His arm instantly catches on fire. The man sticks his arm out the window and begins to wave it around attempting to blow out the flames crawling up his sleeve. A policeman sees the man struggling with his arm on fire and arrests him on the spot for an unlicensed firearm.
* * *
Lady: "Is this my train?"
Station Master: "No, it belongs to the railway company."
Lady: "Don’t try to be funny. I mean to ask if I can take this train to New York."
Station Master: "No Madam, I’m afraid it’s too heavy."
* * *

#16 Re: Jokes » Very short jokes! » 2018-02-20 23:37:51

Marriage is an institution of three rings. Engagement ring, wedding ring and suffering.
* * *
Teacher asks Little Johnny, “Johnny, how old is your father?”
“He’s as old as me,” Johnny informs her.
“Now how would that be possible?” inquires the surprised teacher.
“Well – he became father the day I was born.”
* * *
During an English lesson, the teacher asks, "Can anyone give me an example for the word ‘COINCIDENCE’?”
Little Johnny volunteers, "Sir, my mum and dad were married on the same day."
* * *
A man went to his lawyer and told him, "My neighbor owes me $500 and he won’t pay up. What should I do?" "Do you have any proof he owes you the money?" asked the lawyer. "Nope," replied the man. "OK, then write him a letter asking him for the $5,000 he owed you," said the lawyer. "But it's only $500," replied the man. "Precisely. That’s what he will reply and then you’ll have your proof!"
* * *
A woman was taking an afternoon nap. When she woke up, she told her husband, "I just dreamed that you gave me a pearl necklace. What do you think it means?" "You'll know tonight," he said. That evening, the man came home with a small package and gave it to his wife. Delighted, she opened it to find a book entitled "The Meaning of Dreams."
* * *
A pick pocket was up in court for a series of petty crimes. The judge said, "Sir, you are hereby fined $100." The lawyer stood up and said, "Thanks, your honor, however my client only has $75 on him at this time, but if you'd allow him a few minutes in the crowd..."
* * *

#17 Re: Jokes » One Liners » 2018-02-20 16:44:28

Every organisation is perfectly designed to get the results they are getting.
* * *
Just about the time when you think you can make ends meet, somebody moves the ends.
* * *
Morning is the time when everyone is jealous of unemployed.
* * *
I had amnesia once - maybe twice.
* * *
The light at the end of the tunnel – are the front lights of a train.
* * *
Men are like bank accounts. Without a lot of money, they don't generate much interest.
* * *
Marriage is the alliance of two people, one of whom never remembers birthdays and the other never forgets them.
* * *
Friends are forever. Until they get in a relationship.
* * *
Love is the irresistible desire to be irresistibly desired.
* * *
There are three kinds of people: The ones who learn by reading. The ones who learn by observation. And the rest of them who have to touch the fire to learn it's hot.
* * *
It's not how good your work is, it's how well you explain it.
* * *
You have the right to remain silent because whatever you say will probably be stupid anyway.
* * *
If I've learned anything in life, it's that not enough people are at a loss for words.
* * *
What did the beach say as the tide came in? Long time no sea.
* * *
Kids, just because I don't care doesn't mean I'm not listening.
* * *

#18 Re: This is Cool » Miscellany » 2018-02-20 15:27:30

72) Four Different Types Of Teeth & Their Function


Four Different Types Of Teeth & Their Function

Teeth are perhaps the most important element found in our mouth. It plays a major role in our ability to eat as well as presentation and various other bodily tasks. In fact, if we say that healthy teeth are vital to oral health, it would not be a false statement to make. As the holder of this great gift of nature, Dr. Shervin Louie, the renowned dentist of Los Angeles, says that everyone should know and understand the what are the types of teeth human’s evolve throughout the age, their functionality, and how to take care of them. This knowledge is essential to every person who takes a keen interest in maintaining their oral health. So, let us look at the four types of main teeth and how important their functionality is to us.

Four Main Types Of Teeth

Humans have two sets of teeth from which we develop four different types of teeth throughout our life span. These two sets of teeth are:

Primary
Permanent

Primary teeth set contains the infant or baby teeth. These teeth do not change their form until the time we grow to a more mature age in the early teens. Starting from early teens, the first of the permanent teeth starts to appear in our mouth. Once we start to develop permanent teeth, the four different types of them start to evolve as we age through the life. “These four types of teeth are about to play a major role in your life,” states Dr. Shervin Louie, a dentist in Los Angeles. Let’s learn about them now.

Incisors:

Incisors are the pair of eight teeth directly situated in the front and center of our mouth. The format includes four on top and four on the bottom. These teeth are immensely important since we use them to take the first bite of food or anything that you break with them (latter is a dangerous activity though). These teeth come in the first 6-months and then develop in a lifelong formidable shape between the ages of 6 – 8 years. Regular brushing keeps these teeth healthier and strong as well as good calcium diet.

Canines:

There are four canine teeth in our mouth and these are the sharpest of all. These teeth first appear between 11 and 20 months of age and take their lifelong formidable shape between 11 to 12 years. These teeth should stay in healthy form because they are used to tear and wear your food and plays an important part in a proper digestion process.

Like the Incisors, two are located above and two below. These teeth along with Incisors play a vital role in digestion and presentation in the form of our smile. So bad habits like smoking and chewing betel nuts severely damages them and you may end up going to a dentist in Los Angeles for a treatment. Therefore, brush daily, do flossing between the gaps of these teeth, and avoid bad habits to escape severe disease or damage.

Premolars:

Premolar teeth are situated at each side of your mouth in deep settings. These teeth are used for chewing and grinding food so that it becomes totally in a semi-liquid form helping food particles to gulp down the throat and digest smoothly. These teeth first premolar in the upper jaw appears at the age of 10 while the second in the bottom appears at 11.

Since these teeth are situated deep into the mouth and rarely gets exposure to the outside air, Dr. Shervin Louie, the renowned dentist in Los Angeles, recommends a thorough brushing and the use of mouth rinsing agents in order to protect them from bacterial attack. Also, these teeth have the most higher chances of developing plaque, tarter, and germs because of their remote location so the methods mentioned above will give them good protection.

Molars:

The final type of our teeth are the molars, a formidable replacement of permanent premolar ones. In the premolar form, there were only two teeth above and two below. However, when molars appear at the age 11 – 13 years, they add two more teeth to their pair – four above and four below –.

These molars will remain in their current form your entire life, given that you keep a good care of your dental health. As described above, molars are more prone to germ attacks and other deficiencies because of their remote location in your mouth so follow the methods of cleaning described by Dr. Shervin Louie in the paragraph above for premolars.

So, these are the major four types of teeth humans grow throughout their lifespan and their precious functionality which gives them an edge in our bodily system. As a great tip, apart from the daily care, you take off your dental health at home, it is recommended that you should at least visit twice a dentist in the 6-months period for a thorough checkup of your oral health.

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#19 Re: Ganesh's Puzzles » 10 second questions » 2018-02-20 15:15:02

Hi,

#6399. Determine whether the given values are solutions of the given equation or not.

.

#20 Re: Ganesh's Puzzles » Oral puzzles » 2018-02-20 15:05:01

Hi,

.

#3929. A bag contains 8 red, 6 white, and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. Find the probability of the drawn ball being neither white nor black.

#21 Re: Dark Discussions at Cafe Infinity » crème de la crème » 2018-02-20 01:15:00

281) Carlton Cole

Carlton Cole "Carl" Magee (January 1872 – February 1946) was an American lawyer and publisher. He also patented the first parking meter which was installed for use. He was born in Iowa. Magee graduated from Upper Iowa University in 1896.

Magee at desk

Magee founded the Magee's Independent in 1922, which would change its name to the New Mexico State Tribune in 1923 and to the Albuquerque Tribune in 1933. The Tribune became defunct in 2008. Magee was important in bringing the Teapot Dome Scandal to the fore. When a judge Magee had once accused of corruption knocked him down in a hotel lobby, Magee drew his pistol and fired, accidentally killing a bystander. Magee was acquitted of manslaughter, but moved to Oklahoma City to run the Oklahoma News. He was the paper's editor until he was transferred to the Oklahoma City News. Park-O-Meter is a parking meter production company headquartered in Russellville (Pope County). The predecessor company to the current Park-O-Meter, Inc. (or POM) was co-founded by Carl Magee, designer of the world’s first parking meter.

Carl Magee was an attorney and newspaper editor who joined the Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce traffic committee in 1933 and, shortly thereafter, was charged with lessening the escalating traffic congestion in the city’s downtown. Local merchants complained that their sales were hurt by low traffic turnover, since parking spaces adjacent to downtown businesses were occupied by the same cars all day. Magee conceived the idea of a coin-operated timer that could be used to increase traffic turnover in busy commercial thoroughfares, and he sponsored a contest at the University of Oklahoma to develop such a device. After the contest, Magee designed and patented his own model and sought Professors H. G. Thuesen and Gerald Hale from Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Oklahoma State University) to help him develop his model into an operating meter. The first model eventually created was powered by a clock-type mainspring, which required subsequent winding; this was accomplished by parking patrons after feeding coins into the meter. Magee later partnered with Gerald Hale to form the Magee-Hale Park-O-Meter Company, predecessor to the modern POM, Inc.

The first parking meters were installed in downtown Oklahoma City on July 16, 1935, and charged five cents per hour. Businesses benefited greatly from the decreased parking congestion, but some outraged citizens complained and even initiated legal action in response to installation of the meters. Legal action failed to halt implementation of the meters, however, and the added benefits of revenue generation quickly led other cities to install parking meters of their own.

The earliest Magee-Hale meters were manufactured in Oklahoma City and Tulsa, Oklahoma, by Rockwell International, which moved its meter production to Russellville in 1963. POM, Inc., as constituted today was organized in 1976 to purchase the parking meter production operations from Rockwell, as well as its Russellville plant.

New ownership and production facility expansion occurred at POM in the 1980s, and POM unveiled its patented “Advanced Parking Meter” (APM) in 1992, featuring a choice of battery or solar power, among other improvements. According to its website, the company today “has the largest plant in the world devoted to the manufacturing of digital parking meters.”

Magee switched from Republican to Democrat and ran unsuccessfully for the United States Senate.

He is best known in journalism today for the E.W. Scripps Company motto, adopted from Dante for the Albuquerque Tribune and which is now carried by all Scripps chain newspapers: “Give Light and the People Will Find Their Own Way.”

Magee died in Tulsa, Oklahoma in February 1946.

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#22 Re: Jokes » Q & A » 2018-02-20 00:51:55

Q: Which is the loudest state in the U.S.A.?
A: ILLI NOISE.
* * *
Q: What did the little boat say to the yacht?
A: Can I interest you in a little row-mance?
* * *
Q: Who was the most famous skeleton detective?
A: Sherlock Bones!
* * *
Q: What’s the name of a six-sided polygon?
A: Sixagon.
* * *
Q: What is an acid with a serious attitude problem?
A: A-mean-oh-acid!
* * *
Q: How come Iron Man is a woman?
A: Because Fe-Male.
* * *
Q: What is a cat’s favorite car?
A: “A Catillac”!
* * *
Q: If TVs run on electricity and trucks run on gas, what do cats run on?
A: Their four paws.
* * *
Q: What do you call a cat who gets her way no matter what?
A: Purrsuasive.
* * *
Q: Have you heard about the cat who climbed the Himalayas?
A: She was a renowned sher-paw.
* * *

#23 Re: Jokes » Very short jokes! » 2018-02-19 23:32:46

My boyfriend told me to stop acting like a flamingo. So I had to put my foot down.
* * *
What do you call a bee that can’t make up its mind? A Maybe!
* * *
Why do gorillas have big nostrils?
Because they have big fingers.
* * *
A woman walked into the kitchen to find her husband stalking around with a fly swatter.
"What are you doing?" She asked.
"Hunting Flies" He responded.
"Oh. Killing any?" She asked.
"Yep, 3 males, 2 Females," he replied.
Intrigued, she asked, "How can you tell?"
He responded, "3 were on a beer can, 2 were on the phone."
* * *
There was a man who entered a local paper's pun contest. He sent in ten different puns, in the hope that at least one of the puns would win. Unfortunately, no pun in ten did..   
* * *
A teacher is talking to a student.
Teacher: Did you father help you with your homework?
Student: No, he did it all by himself.
* * *
Q: How do you count cows?
A: With a cowculator.
* * *
Teacher: "Name a bird with wings but can't fly."
Student: "A dead bird, sir."
* * *
Q: What's the difference between a cat and a complex sentence?
A: A cat has claws at the end of its paws and a complex sentence has a pause at the end of its clause.
* * *
Q: What did the spider do on the computer?
A: Made a website!
* * *
Waiter: "Do you want any dessert?"
Teddy Bear: "No Thanks. I'm Stuffed!"
* * *   
A farmer and his brand new bride are riding home in a wagon pulled by a team of horses, when the older horse stumbles.
The farmer says, "That's once."
A little further along, the horse stumbles again.
The farmer says, "That's twice."
When the old horse stumbles again, the farmer quietly reaches under his seat, pulls out a shotgun, and shoots the horse.
His brand new bride yells, "That was an awful thing to do!"
The farmer says, "That's once."
* * *
A baby snake asked it's mom, "Mommy are we poisonous?"
The mother snake responded, "Yes honey, but why do you want to know?"
The baby snake responded, "Because I just bit myself..."
* * *
Q: Why are fish easy to weigh?
A: Because they have their own scales.
* * *
Q: Where do sharks go on their holidays?
A: Finland.
* * *

#24 Re: Jokes » One Liners » 2018-02-19 15:45:42

I was hooked on auctions after only going once... going twice.
* * *
How do astronomers organize a party? They planet.
* * *
The farther away the future is, the better it looks.
* * *
It's not that I'm afraid to die, I just don't want to be there when it happens.
* * *
He: So then, what's your sign? She: Dollar.
* * *
3 men are stranded in a boat with 4 cigarettes and no way to light them. So they toss the 4th cigarette overboard, which makes the whole boat a cigarette lighter.
* * *
What fruit do you eat when you are sad? Blueberries.
* * *
Parenting is easy once you learn the secret. For the love of god, please tell me the secret.
* * *
I get plenty of exercise - jumping to conclusions, pushing my luck, and dodging deadlines.
* * *
Five days of the week, my body is a temple. The other two, it's an amusement park!
* * *
What part of your family can you see through? A transparent.
* * *
I don't have an attitude; I have a personality you can't handle.
* * *
Why don't we wait for life on other planets to find us? Why do we have to do all the work?
* * *
I like the way your medication thinks.
* * *

#25 Re: Jokes » Very short jokes! » 2018-02-19 01:27:54

Son: "Is this insecticide good for mosquito?"
Dad: "Not at all, it kills them!"
* * *
Daughter to her dad: "What is it?"
Dad: “It” is a pronoun.
* * *
A guy is stopped on the road by traffic police. The police officer asks him to open his trunk – and sees 2 penguins sitting inside. The officer is shocked and says to the guy, “Sir, you’ve got to takes those two to the Zoo right away!” The guy agrees and leaves.
The next day – same place, same police officer – he is stopped again. The officer again asks him to open his trunk, and to his confusion, there are the two penguins sitting again, today with swimming hats on their heads. The officer says, “I told you yesterday that you have to take them to the Zoo, didn’t I?!”
“And I did take them to the Zoo, just like you said. And today we’re going swimming.”
* * *
Q: What can you serve but should never eat?
A: A tennis ball.
* * *
Father: And, how do you like going to school?
Son: Well, the going bit is OK, the coming home bit is fine too, but the time in between kind of ruins it!
* * *
80 chimneys plus 5 chimneys plus 8 chimneys.
What is the result?
Lots of smoke.
* * *
Teacher: "You got a zero in the last exam."
Roger: "I don’t think I deserve a zero!"
Teacher: "Neither do I. But I can’t go any lower than that."
* * *
Little Kenny is about to have a big test and his father says: “You better study real good boy, ‘cause if you don’t pass that test, you can forget that you’re my son!”
The next day Kenny comes home and his dad asks him how he did in the test.
Kenny looks at him and says, “And who are you, dude?”
* * *

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