Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun. Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ π -¹ ² ³ °

You are not logged in.

- Topics: Active | Unanswered

Pages: **1**

**{7/3}****Member**- Registered: 2013-02-11
- Posts: 210

How can I derive sum and difference identities of sine and cosine using trigonometry?

There are 10 kinds of people in the world,people who understand binary and people who don't.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

hi {7/3}

Start with the compound angle formulas:

Funny the + sign won't work in Latex??

adding gives:

If you put P = A +B and Q = A-B, you get:

The others are derived in a similar way.

Bob

*Last edited by bob bundy (2013-02-13 23:22:38)*

You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

Offline

**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,917

Hi Bob

Why is "plus" written everywhere "+" should go.

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

The + sign won't parse for me.

I've edited them to dotplus for now.

Bob

You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

Offline

**anonimnystefy****Real Member**- From: The Foundation
- Registered: 2011-05-23
- Posts: 15,917

Hmm... weird!

It's working for me, but only on its own!

*Last edited by anonimnystefy (2013-02-13 23:21:16)*

Here lies the reader who will never open this book. He is forever dead.

Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most. ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Crime and Punishment

The knowledge of some things as a function of age is a delta function.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

Yes, me too. All are acsii 43 so it's not that.

I'll post a note to MIF.

Bob

You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

Offline

**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 93,591

Hi;

I already did in the other thread. It looks like it is a tough nut to crack.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.**

**I agree with you regarding the satisfaction and importance of actually computing some numbers. I can't tell you how often I see time and money wasted because someone didn't bother to run the numbers.**

Offline

**{7/3}****Member**- Registered: 2013-02-11
- Posts: 210

Sorry,I got confused with names of formulas(my mother-tongue isn't english )amd wrote wrong,I wanted to derive the compound angle formulas using trigonometry.

There are 10 kinds of people in the world,people who understand binary and people who don't.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

hi {7/3}

I did wonder if that's what you wanted. I could remember the formulas I gave easily so I took the line of least effort.

There are many ways of proving the compound angle formulas. The trig. approach is the first I met whilst still at school, but I haven't used it since. So I've had to dig deep in my memory.

So, make a triangle ABC with angle A = alpha and angle B = 90

Make a perpendicular line CD so that angle DCA = 90.

Choose the position of D so that DAC = beta.

Draw DF perpendicular to AB with F on AB, and finally CE perpendicular to DF with E on DF.

Call the point where DF and AC cross point G.

AGF = CGD = 90 minus alpha so GDC = alpha.

note EF = CB

The cosine formula is very similar. I'll leave it as an exercise.

hint AF = AB - FB

Bob

*Last edited by bob bundy (2013-02-14 02:06:40)*

Offline

**{7/3}****Member**- Registered: 2013-02-11
- Posts: 210

Thanks for your help,now i'm going to try to derive the cosine formula(thanks again).

There are 10 kinds of people in the world,people who understand binary and people who don't.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

OK. Let me know how you get on.

Bob

Offline

**{7/3}****Member**- Registered: 2013-02-11
- Posts: 210

Hi bob. I have derived the cosine's sum formula,and after trying a little i found the difference formulas too:),plus i know how to derive tangent's formula using sine and cosine

There are 10 kinds of people in the world,people who understand binary and people who don't.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

hi {7/3}

Well done!

Bob

Offline

**{7/3}****Member**- Registered: 2013-02-11
- Posts: 210

Quick question:are these formulas used to find half angle formulas?

There are 10 kinds of people in the world,people who understand binary and people who don't.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

hi

If you put alpha = beta = A, you get the double angle formulas.

eg.

Now put theta = 2A and you can re-arrange to get

and so on.

Is that what you wanted?

Bob

Offline

**{7/3}****Member**- Registered: 2013-02-11
- Posts: 210

Yeah,thanks you helped me a lot in this post.

There are 10 kinds of people in the world,people who understand binary and people who don't.

Offline

**bob bundy****Moderator**- Registered: 2010-06-20
- Posts: 6,859

You're welcome.

Bob

One final thought: The compound angle formulas work whatever the angles used. They aren't limited to acute angles. The proof above only works for acute angles; in fact, the diagram breaks down if A + B is over 90. I think that is why I prefer other proofs that are more general. The rotational matrix proof is my favourite.

*Last edited by bob bundy (2013-02-15 01:14:05)*

Offline

Pages: **1**