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#1 2017-07-15 20:58:07

Bhavya2
Guest

Circle

Angle ACB = 90°. Draw a circle on AB as diameter. Will that circle pass through C? Give me a clear proof.

(Don't say the angle in a semicircle is a right angle. Need logical proof)

#2 2017-07-15 22:16:32

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,054

Re: Circle

hi Bhavya2

Welcome to the forum.

You'll find the proof that any diameter makes an angle of 90 at the circumference here:

http://www.mathisfunforum.com/viewtopic.php?id=17799

The proof is in post 6.

This is the reverse of what you want but the property in the form A => B also works in reverse, B => A for this theorem.

To prove this just draw the circle and put C somewhere not on the circle along with point D that is.  Move D so that AD = AC.  ( Think why this is always possible to achieve.) You now have two congruent triangles, ABC and ABD so C and D must coincide.

Bob


Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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#3 2017-07-16 02:55:22

Srikantan
Member
Registered: 2016-06-04
Posts: 34

Re: Circle

How are they congruent? Where will Point D be? Can you pls explain more detail. Thanks

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#4 2017-07-16 05:40:55

bob bundy
Administrator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 8,054

Re: Circle

hi Srikantan

In triangles ABC and ABD

AB = AB
angle C = angle D
AD = AC.  This is sufficient for congruency, (using Pythag. BD = BC so we have three sides (SSS) congruency. )

D is a point on the circumference.  C is the given point with ACB = 90

Is it possible to choose D so that AD = AC ?

Well; in both triangles AB is the hypotenuse, and therefore the longest side.

Bisect AB to find the centre of the circle and draw the circumference.  With compass point on A and radius AC draw an arc to cut the circle.  The arc must cut the circle because AC < AB.  Let D be the point where this arc cuts the circle.  Then we have found a point D on the circumference with AD = AC.

The theorem states that (A) on any circle with diameter AB, then (B) any point D on the circumference will be such that angle ADB = 90.

So we have A => B  But the OP wanted B => A.  My congruency proof does this.

Bob


Children are not defined by school ...........The Fonz
You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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