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#1 2008-04-17 11:14:09

George,Y
Member
Registered: 2006-03-12
Posts: 1,306

Black-Scholes Formula Derivation

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However something needs to be clarified about B[sub]t[/sub] and dc

B[sub]t[/sub] follows a Brownian motion in time t



You can cut equal time intervals and each interval B changes by a normal random variable with 0 mean and time length variance; each B change in a time interval has nothing to do with another B change in a different interval.

And


hence

As Δt gets small, mathematicians argue the square of ΔB has a quite steady mean Δt with a negligible (higher order) variance 2*Δt[sup]2[/sup]. Hence here comes

Ito's lemma

dB*dB=dt;
dt*dt=o(dt);
dB*dt=o(dt)

Thus, to approach a difference of a function which involves a brownian motion B in it directly or indirectly, you have to use Taylor expansion with order 2 to capture the innegligible dB[sup]2[/sup].

thus here come the dc

where


o(dt) is higher order term of dt, negligible the same way we do our normal calculus. And the final formual for dc is:

Last edited by George,Y (2008-04-19 05:09:29)


X'(y-Xβ)=0

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