Math Is Fun Forum
  Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun.   Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ • π ƒ -¹ ² ³ °

You are not logged in.

#1 2013-01-25 11:38:41

From: Bumpkinland
Registered: 2009-04-12
Posts: 102,301

Diagonalizing a matrix.


Before going on with a new idea I suggest a look at "Matrix Moves" in this thread.

Supposing we have the stochastic matrix

The central problems of Linear Algebra are the solution of a simultaneous set of linear equations or Ax = b and determining the eigenvalues of a matrix.

The eigenvalues are usually computed using a computer and we will not break with tradition, they are

There is a little theorem that says if a square matrix has distinct eigenvalues then it is diagonalizable. So this one is diagonalizable.

To do it we need the Eigenvectors of A:

To check whether we have diagonalized it we plug in to

Okay, so what? The useful fact is that to get A^k we only now need the following matrix equation.

Now D^k is easy to get because to raise a matrix with just diagonal elements like D to the kth power you just take each element and raise it to the kth power.

So if we wanted A^10 we would compute

And we are done!

In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.
If it ain't broke, fix it until it is.
A number by itself is useful, but it is far more useful to know how accurate or certain that number is.


Board footer

Powered by FluxBB