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#1 2013-02-28 04:52:48

295Ja
Member
Registered: 2012-07-28
Posts: 39

Word problems with integration

Hi! Help please.

Problem 1:
A ball was thrown downward from the top of a building at a speed of 10 meters per
second and it hit the ground 3 seconds later. How tall was the building? [Note: Use
-10 m/s² for acceleration due to gravity.]

>>Here's what I think I should do:
1. Find the velocity then position functions
Here's what I got:
Velocity Function:
v(t)=-10t+C*
Position Function:
s(t)=-5t²+C*t+C**
[Note: C*=constant after integrating a(t) and C**= constant after integrating v(t)]
2.Find the value of C* and C**
My question: is it right to use these: v(3)=0 and s(3)=0 to find them?
3.Evaluate s(0)-s(3)

Problem 2
The base of a solid S is the region bounded by y =square root of (16-x²) and the x-axis, and each
cross-section perpendicular to the x-axis is an isosceles right triangle having one leg on
the base of S. Using the method of slicing, determine the volume of S.

>>I have a hard time with this problem. A help on visualizing the figure and/or setting-up the integral that will give the volume would do.

Thank you! big_smile

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#2 2013-02-28 10:22:58

bob bundy
Moderator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 6,258

Re: Word problems with integration

hi 295Ja

Q1.  You can use

directly, where g = 10 t = 3 and u = 10

This assumes s(0) = 0

Q2  The picture below is my view of this problem.

On the left we have the graph of the function for the base.

On the right a 3D represenation of the base with one slice shown rising up in a third dimension.

The slice has area half y^2 and thickness dx

So integrate these to get the volume.

Bob

View Image: 295Ja2.gif

You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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#3 2013-02-28 21:19:32

295Ja
Member
Registered: 2012-07-28
Posts: 39

Re: Word problems with integration

Thanks bob bundy! big_smile

In Q1,using integration, I got the same answer as when I plugged in the values in the position function you gave but could you still
check my solution for any flaw?
Here it is:
v(t)=-10t+C*
s(t)=-5t²+C*t+C**

Given that speed=10 and since speed=absolute value of velocity, v=-10
v(0)=-10t+C*=-10
      C*=-10

s(t)=-5t²-10t+C**
but s(3)=0
C**=75
s(t)=-5t²-10t+75

s(0)-s(3)=75

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#4 2013-02-28 21:30:43

bob bundy
Moderator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 6,258

Re: Word problems with integration

75 is what I make it too.  smile

Bob


You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

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