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**luca-deltodesco****Member**- Registered: 2006-05-05
- Posts: 1,470

how can i go about calculating the eigen values of a 3x3 symmetrical matrix for example:

if i do:

i end up getting a cubic equation in terms of the eigen value which i don't know how to solve, and im sure there must be a simpler way, if not calculating them, atleast showing that they are more or less than 0

*Last edited by luca-deltodesco (2007-09-10 08:17:16)*

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**bobbym****Administrator**- From: Bumpkinland
- Registered: 2009-04-12
- Posts: 86,219

Hi;

atleast showing that they are more or less than 0

An oldie but a goodie.

You get the characteristic polynomial

You can solve for the roots numerically or by graphing but a more precise idea is to use a Sturm chain.

Substitute the endpoints of 0 and infinity.

Count the sign changes. We get 3.

So we get there are 3 roots between 0 and infinity and since 0 is not a root all 3 are greater than 0.

A numerical attack yields:

for the three roots.

**In mathematics, you don't understand things. You just get used to them.Of course that result can be rigorously obtained, but who cares?Combinatorics is Algebra and Algebra is Combinatorics.**

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