Math Is Fun Forum
  Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun.   Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ • π ƒ -¹ ² ³ °

You are not logged in.

#1 2014-05-02 15:44:07

Sven
Member
Registered: 2014-05-02
Posts: 18

Polygonal numbers

I had this from Euler's Algebra proof to represent polygonal numbers of any kind but I don't understand what it means it goes like this:
Draw a polygon haing number of sides required n this number is constant for the whole series n equal to 2 + diff of arith progress
Then choose on of its angles n draw diagonals n the sides of he angle n the diagonal are to be indefinetly produced
After that I take these 2 sides n diagonals o he first polygon as I often as I choose n draw from corresponding points marked by compass lines parallel to first polygon n divide them in as many equal parts or as many points as there are actualy in the diagonals in the 2 sides produced.
Please give geometrical represantation of the proof if you can
God bless n thank you

Offline

#2 2014-05-02 20:24:36

bob bundy
Moderator
Registered: 2010-06-20
Posts: 6,377

Re: Polygonal numbers

hi Sven,

Welcome to the forum.

I had not learnt of polygonal numbers so I had to look it up.  There is a good article here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polygonal_number

I cannot follow exactly what you are describing but you can build a formula like this:

Diagram below (from Wiki and modified).  Here n = 6.

The table shows a column for differences where the differences are n - 2 (= 4)

The second column is an arithmetic progression with first term, a = 1, and common difference, d  = n-2

Terms in arithmetic progressions are given by t = a + (m-1)d

The third column shows the polygonal numbers.  Each number = previous number + next term in the ap.

So you can build the formula from this.

Hope this helps.  Post again, smile

Bob

View Image: polygonal numbers.gif

You cannot teach a man anything;  you can only help him find it within himself..........Galileo Galilei

Offline

Board footer

Powered by FluxBB