Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun.   Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫  π  -¹ ² ³ °

You are not logged in.

## #1 2017-01-13 02:22:37

Member
Registered: 2013-01-22
Posts: 131

### Largest prime gap theorem

Basically I take my number p, square root it, Rd. Up to the nearest prime, then the next prime greater than that -1= largest prime gap below p.

Example:
p=130

Rd. Up to nearest prime= 13
Next prime after that = 17
17-1=16
Largest prime gap  <130 = 16 (Correct)

This works because the greatest number of composites between two primes occurs when factors are not combined. So what could have been two composites is actually just one, like 15=3x5. To create the greatest possible number of composites I start at 2 not 0. 0 has an infinite number of prime factors, and so the greatest gap between the next repeat will occur after 0. Starting with the smallest composite which is NOT combined factors, I move up. Deleting all numbers factorable by primes less than the square root. The first time I attain TWO primes is when I reach the second prime after the square root. So this -1 is the gap required to create two non-composites with greatest possible occurrence of composites.

Largest prime gap <p =

Rd. Up to second nearest prime -1.

"Time not important. Only life important." - The Fifth Element 1997

Offline