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#1 2023-11-16 22:25:25

Jai Ganesh
Registered: 2005-06-28
Posts: 47,023

Crown (Dental)

Crown (Dental)


A dental crown is a cap or covering for an existing tooth. It can improve the way a decayed or broken tooth looks and make it stronger. Crowns can be made from porcelain, zirconia, gold alloy or a combination of porcelain and metal.


In dentistry, a crown or a dental cap is a type of dental restoration that completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant. A crown may be needed when a large dental cavity threatens the health of a tooth. A crown is typically bonded to the tooth by dental cement. They can be made from various materials, which are usually fabricated using indirect methods. Crowns are used to improve the strength or appearance of teeth and to halt deterioration. While beneficial to dental health, the procedure and materials can be costly.

The most common method of crowning a tooth involves taking a dental impression of a tooth prepared by a dentist, then fabricating the crown outside of the mouth. The crown can then be inserted at a subsequent dental appointment. This indirect method of tooth restoration allows use of strong restorative material requiring time-consuming fabrication under intense heat, such as casting metal or firing porcelain, that would not be possible inside the mouth. Because of its compatible thermal expansion, relatively similar cost, and cosmetic difference, some patients choose to have their crown fabricated with gold.

Computer technology is increasingly employed for crown fabrication in CAD/CAM dentistry.


A dental crown, also sometimes referred to as a “cap,” is a type of dental restoration that fits over the remains of a tooth to restore the appearance of the natural tooth or to protect it from further damage.

Uses of a Dental Crown

Dental crowns are primarily used to repair teeth that have been damaged in some way. Such teeth may have chipped or been broken or weakened by decay or a filling.

Some reasons to recommend a dental crown include:

* To improve the appearance of a tooth that has been broken or discolored
* To protect the remains of a broken tooth from further damage
* To support a bridge or denture in the mouth

Materials of Dental Crowns

There are various materials that can be used to construct a dental crown, including:

* Precious metal-bonded porcelain: the most common material used for crowns. The base is made of precious metal for increased strength and porcelain is layered over it for improve aesthetics.
* Porcelain: less strong than bonded porcelain but provides a very natural look for appearance purposes, such as capping front teeth.
* Ceramic: a versatile metal-free material that is both strong and can have a similar appearance to porcelain.
* Glass: can be applied anywhere in the mouth for a very natural look.
* Gold-alloy: a traditional material that is very strong but is silver or gold in color.

Procedure and Techniques

Firstly, it is important for the tooth to be adequately prepared and filed into a suitable shape before the crown can be placed. This typically involves removal of the outer surface of the tooth, leaving the stronger inner core intact.

Once the tooth has been prepared, the next step is for an impression or mold of the tooth and the opposing tooth to be made. These impressions are useful for the dental technician to construct the dental crown in the appropriate shape so that it fits over the tooth to be capped and matches well with the jaw on the other side when the individual bites. The dental technician will also need specific information about the natural coloring of the adjacent teeth to improve the appearance of the crown.

Tooth preparation for All-ceramic crown

When the crown to fit the affected tooth has been created, it can be fixed into place with dental cement or adhesive to form a seal that holds the crown in place over the tooth. The procedure is usually painless because a local anesthetic will numb the area.

Given the steps needed to create and fit a dental crown, it typically takes at least two dental visits before it is properly put in place. For this reason, a temporary crown is often made for the patient to provide a cap for the tooth in the meantime.

What is a Post Crown?

In some cases, such as for root-filled teeth, the insertion of a post into the tooth root prior to the crown placement may be necessary. This helps to stabilize the crown and keep it in place, even when there is little of the original tooth remaining.

It may be possible to rebuild a root-filled tooth that is not completely broken down, using only filling material, without the need for a post crown.

Appearance and Results

When constructed and placed with care, a dental crown should match the appearance of the other teeth very closely so that it will appear as natural as possible.

The shape of the crown will differ slightly from the shape of the tooth before the crown was placed, which can make it feel strange for the individual initially. After several days your mouth and tongue will become accustomed to the new shape of the tooth so that it will not be noticeable. In some cases, it may be necessary to adjust the shape of the crown slightly to increase the functionality of the tooth, particularly for the bite.

Appropriate Care for Dental Crowns

It is important to care for dental crowns appropriately to ensure that they last for as long as possible. Although it depends on the type and position of the dental crown, they can generally last for many years when well cared for.

Crowns should be cleaned just as any natural tooth should be cleaned. Although the materials used to construct crowns will not decay, the tooth at the edge of the tooth can. Individuals should be advised to brush their teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, and the gaps between the teeth carefully cleaned with interdental brushes or floss.

Additional Information

A dental crown is a cap or cover that is specially made and fixed to your tooth. Crowns can help your tooth look and function better. You may need 2 visits to your dentist for a dental crown procedure. Once the crown is fixed in place you can eat normally.

A dental crown is a tooth-shaped "cap" that is placed over a tooth -- to cover the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and improve its appearance.

The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.

Why Is a Dental Crown Needed?

A dental crown may be needed in the following situations:

* To protect a weak tooth (for instance, from decay) from breaking or to hold together parts of a cracked tooth
* To restore an already broken tooth or a tooth that has been severely worn down
* To cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there isn't a lot of tooth left
* To hold a dental bridge in place
* To cover misshapened or severely discolored teeth
* To cover a dental implant
* To make a cosmetic modification

For children, a crown may be used on primary (baby) teeth in order to:

* Save a tooth that has been so damaged by decay that it can't support a filling.
* Protect the teeth of a child at high risk for tooth decay, especially when a child has difficulty keeping up with daily oral hygiene.
* Decrease the frequency of general anesthesia for children unable because of age, behavior, or medical history to fully cooperate with the requirements of proper dental care.

In such cases, a pediatric dentist is likely to recommend a stainless steel crown.


It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. - Niels Henrik Abel.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.


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