Discussion about math, puzzles, games and fun. Useful symbols: ÷ × ½ √ ∞ ≠ ≤ ≥ ≈ ⇒ ± ∈ Δ θ ∴ ∑ ∫ π -¹ ² ³ °

You are not logged in.

- Topics: Active | Unanswered

Pages: **1**

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

L # 1

Show that

It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. - Niels Henrik Abel.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**krassi_holmz****Real Member**- Registered: 2005-12-02
- Posts: 1,905

So:

*Last edited by krassi_holmz (2006-03-09 02:44:53)*

IPBLE: Increasing Performance By Lowering Expectations.

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. - Niels Henrik Abel.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

L # 2

If

show that xyz=1.

It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. - Niels Henrik Abel.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**krassi_holmz****Real Member**- Registered: 2005-12-02
- Posts: 1,905

Let

log x = x'

log y = y'

log z = z'.

Then:

and

Now, consider that from xyz=1 follows:

But x'=log x; y'=log y' z'=log z, so we must prove that:

x'+y'+z'=0.

Rewriting in terms of x' gives:

q.E.d.

IPBLE: Increasing Performance By Lowering Expectations.

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

**Well done, krassi_holmz!**

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

L # 3

If x²y³=a and log (x/y)=b, then what is the value of (logx)/(logy)?

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**krassi_holmz****Real Member**- Registered: 2005-12-02
- Posts: 1,905

loga=2logx+3logy

b=logx-logy

loga+3b=5logx

loga-2b=3logy+2logy=5logy

logx/logy=(loga+3b)/(loga-2b).

*Last edited by krassi_holmz (2006-03-10 20:06:29)*

IPBLE: Increasing Performance By Lowering Expectations.

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

**Very well done, krassi_holmz! **

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**JaneFairfax****Member**- Registered: 2007-02-23
- Posts: 6,868

**L # 4**

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**JaneFairfax****Member**- Registered: 2007-02-23
- Posts: 6,868

You are not supposed to use a calculator or log tables for L # 4. Try again!

*Last edited by JaneFairfax (2009-01-04 23:40:20)*

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

No, I didn't

I remember

and

.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**JaneFairfax****Member**- Registered: 2007-02-23
- Posts: 6,868

You still used a calculator / log table in the past to get those figures (or someone else did and showed them to you). I say again: **no calculators or log tables to be used (directly or indirectly) at all!!**

*Last edited by JaneFairfax (2009-01-06 00:30:04)*

Offline

**JaneFairfax****Member**- Registered: 2007-02-23
- Posts: 6,868

Offline

**keveenjones****Member**- Registered: 2010-04-18
- Posts: 2

log a = 2log x + 3log y

b = log x log y

log a + 3 b = 5log x

loga - 2b = 3logy + 2logy = 5logy

logx / logy = (loga+3b) / (loga-2b)

Offline

**rzaidan****Member**- Registered: 2009-08-13
- Posts: 59

Hi ganesh

for L # 1

since log(a)= 1 / log(b), log(a)=1

b a a

we have

1/log(abc)+1/log(abc)+1/log(abc)=

a b c

log(a)+log(b)+log(c)= log(abc)=1

abc abc abc abc

Best Regards

Riad Zaidan

Offline

**rzaidan****Member**- Registered: 2009-08-13
- Posts: 59

Hi ganesh

for L # 2

I think that the following proof is easier:

Assume Log(x)/(b-c)=Log(y)/(c-a)=Log(z)/(a-b)=t

So Log(x)=t(b-c),Log(y)=t(c-a) , Log(z)=t(a-b) So Log(x)+Log(y)+Log(z)=tb-tc+tc-ta+ta-tb=0

So Log(xyz)=0 so xyz=1 Q.E.D

Best Regards

Riad Zaidan

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

Gentleman,

Thanks for the proofs.

Regards.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**jonnyj99****Member**- Registered: 2010-08-16
- Posts: 4

log_2(16) = \log_2 \left ( \frac{64}{4} \right ) = \log_2(64) - \log_2(4) = 6 - 2 = 4, \,

log_2(\sqrt[3]4) = \frac {1}{3} \log_2 (4) = \frac {2}{3}. \,

Offline

**reconsideryouranswer****Member**- Registered: 2011-05-11
- Posts: 171

JaneFairfax wrote:

L # 4

I don't want a method that will rely on defining certain functions, taking derivatives,

noting concavity, etc.

Change of base:

Each side is positive, and multiplying by the positive denominator

keeps whatever direction of the alleged inequality the same direction:

On the right-hand side, the first factor is equal to a positive number less than 1,

while the second factor is equal to a positive number greater than 1. These

facts are by inspection combined with the nature of exponents/logarithms.

Because of (log A)B = B(log A) = log(A^B), I may turn this into:

I need to show that

Then

Then 1 (on the left-hand side) will be greater than the value on the

right-hand side, and the truth of the original inequality will be established.

I want to show

Raise a base of 3 to each side:

Each side is positive, and I can square each side:

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Then I want to show that when 2 is raised to a number equal to

(or less than) 1.5, then it is less than 3.

Each side is positive, and I can square each side:

*Last edited by reconsideryouranswer (2011-05-27 20:05:01)*

Signature line:

I wish a had a more interesting signature line.

Offline

**ganesh****Administrator**- Registered: 2005-06-28
- Posts: 37,069

Hi reconsideryouranswer,

This problem was posted by JaneFairfax. I think it would be appropriate she verify the solution.

Nothing is better than reading and gaining more and more knowledge - Stephen William Hawking.

Offline

**iamaditya****Member**- From: Planet Mars
- Registered: 2016-11-15
- Posts: 821

Hi all,

I saw this post today and saw the probs on log. Well, they are not bad, they are good. But you can also try these problems here by me (Credit: to a book):

http://www.mathisfunforum.com/viewtopic … 93#p399193

Practice makes a man perfect.

There is no substitute to hard work

All of us do not have equal talents but everybody has equal oppurtunities to build their talents.-APJ Abdul Kalam

Offline

**greg1313****Member**- Registered: 2016-12-19
- Posts: 20

JaneFairfax wrote:

JaneFairfax, here is a basic proof of L4:

For all real a > 1, y = a^x is a strictly increasing function.

log(base 2)3 versus log(base 3)5

2*log(base 2)3 versus 2*log(base 3)5

log(base 2)9 versus log(base 3)25

2^3 = 8 < 9

2^(> 3) = 9

3^3 = 27 > 25

3^(< 3) = 25

So, the left-hand side is greater than the right-hand side, because

Its logarithm is a larger number.

*Last edited by greg1313 (2019-10-30 07:44:37)*

Offline

Pages: **1**